Brest is located near the Polish border on the Berlin-Moscow railway. Founded by Slavs, the city was captured by the Germans in WWI and became part of Poland until the Soviet Union annexed it in 1939. After the war, Brest remained a part of Soviet Belarus. Czar Nicholas I had the Brest Fortress built between 1838 and 1842 on the territory of the Old Town. The crenellated red brick citadel became the main Russian outpost on the western border. In 1941 the garrison at the fortress defended it from the Nazis for a full month before it fell. Pay a visit to the fortress, today a museum and memorial to the defenders and to the city of Brest.
PUBLISHED: July 24, 2013