Kars is a city of about 150,000 in northeast Turkey near the Armenian border. Located in territory that has been bitterly disputed for centuries, Kars has been controlled by early Armenians, Ottoman Turks, Russians, Soviets and the Republic of Turkey. The nearby border with Armenia has been closed since 1993 to protest Armenia’s acquisition of the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.
The old Citadel of Kars, on an outcropping above town, has passed through as many incarnations as the city itself has, and displays Turkish, Armenian, Caucasian, Kurdish and Russian aspects.
PUBLISHED: July 22, 2013