Mostar was founded in the 15th century and became an important Ottoman regional center until the late 19th century. Named after its Old Bridge, Stari Most, the town passed from the Ottomans to the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the late 19th century. After WWI, it became a part of newly-formed Yugoslavia. Engulfed in war after Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992, the town was shelled repeatedly. Its Old Town, including its namesake bridge, was all but destroyed. After the war ended, UNESCO and donor nations launched a five-year project to rebuild the historic Old Town and the bridge, and the resulting reconstruction was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2005.
PUBLISHED: July 22, 2013