The beautiful Kopet-Dag Mountains rise up around Nisa, a UNESCO World Heritage site 15 miles outside of Ashgabat. Nisa was once a major center of the ancient Parthian Kingdom, which spread out from there and took its place among such kingdoms as the Achaemenid under Cyrus the Great and the Macedonian under Alexander the Great. Though Nisa was ruled by a succession of dynasties, it remained an important center in the ancient world until the 13th century, when the Mongols sacked it. Today archaeological work continues at Nisa.
PUBLISHED: July 16, 2013