A renowned grape growing and winemaking district, Shemakha through most of its history was the major commercial center of western Azerbaijan. Present-day Shemakha is known for its sweet wines and its finely woven carpets.
Explore the town, including the recreated 10th century Djuma Mosque, the oldest mosque in the Caucasus. Across the valley is the Yeddi Gumbaz royal mausoleum where the Shirvan khans were buried; from here one can look back at the twin hills overlooking Shemakha where the 12th century Golestan Fortress and the citadel stood during its years as a capital.
PUBLISHED: July 19, 2013