UlaanBaatar is the political and cultural heart of Mongolia, and the country’s largest city. Located on a high plateau, surrounded by towering mountains and bathed in brilliant sunshine much of the year, it is home to the country’s most extensive cultural, historical and archeological collections. Mongolians were traditionally nomadic people, and the concept of a settlement or city is fairly new. UlaanBaatar, or Red Hero, was established only 350 years ago, when the trade routes between St. Petersburg and Beijing made it an important trade and commercial center.
Among our favorite sites in and around Ulaan Baatar are the Gandan Monastery, Mongolia’s first sedentary monastery, built in 1838 and Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, located on the country’s high steppe and boasting 4,600 square miles of alpine terrain.
PUBLISHED: July 19, 2013