South Caucasus & Turkey

Village Traditions of the South Caucasus

Photo credit: Ia Tabagari

21 Days
From $9,495
Trip Type
Small Group
Group Size
Max 12
Activity Level

Local Life & Landscapes of Georgia, Armenia & Azerbaijan


This genuinely off-the-beaten-path itinerary visits remote mountains and tiny villages to explore the cultures of Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia – some of the most hospitable regions of the world. You’ll be invited into homes for meals, tour vineyards, meet master craftspeople, and experience traditional song and dance – along with seeing unique historical sites and gorgeous Caucasus Mountains scenery.

Travels to: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia,



  • Days 1-4: Baku (Azerbaijan), Shemakha, Lahij, Sheki

    Explore Baku, Azerbaijan’s capital and a bustling business center for the Caspian oil industry. Wander the narrow stone streets of its UNESCO-listed medieval Old Town, stroll modern Fountain Square, and tour the royal Shirvanshah’s Palace complex. Then travel outside the city to discover Azerbaijan’s deeply traditional village culture. In Maraza, climb to the landmark Diri Baba Mausoleum.  On the outskirts of Shemakha, drop in at a farm to learn how locals make yogurt and butter. In Lahij – an ancient, almost untouched village – see a coppersmith forge samovars using medieval techniques passed down from the Middle Ages. In Sheki, visit a local artist who creates vivid stained glass windows called shebeke, and then tour the Khan’s Palace where such windows were used in abundance.


    • The winding streets, mosques, and tiny shops of Baku’s walled Old Town
    • Vivid hand-loomed carpets at the State Museum of Azerbaijani Carpets and Applied Folk Art in Baku
    • The 15th century Diri Baba Mausoleum, adorned in decorative carvings
    • Meeting the locals, including dinner with a family in Lahij and visits to a dairy farm, a coppersmith’s workshop, and a glass-maker’s studio
    • The mosaic-covered Khan’s Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage site
  • Days 5-6: Signagi (Kakheti Region, Georgia)

    Cross the border into Georgia and enter the region of Kakheti, Georgia’s wine country. Take a walking tour of the vineyards of Pheasant’s Tears Winery, which uses traditional methods and organic grapes to produce some of the country’s most esteemed wines. Continue to the charming town of Signagi to experience Georgia’s exceptional cuisine and hospitality at a “Georgian Table” feast. The following day visit three characteristic villages: Panaani, Machkhaani, and Magaro. Have a homegrown, home-cooked lunch in the beautiful garden of a local resident, and then visit the 9th century Bodbe Monastery.


    • Touring and tasting at Pheasant’s Tears Winery
    • The narrow streets and intricate wooden balconies of the hill town of Signagi
    • A Georgian Table feast, accompanied by a performance of traditional songs in a centuries-old, distinctly Georgian polyphonic style
    • Lunch with an enterprising local who cultivates and cooks all of her own food
    • The gardens and frescoed basilica of Bodbe Monastery
  • Days 7-8: Omalo, Dartlo (Tusheti Region)

    Take an adventurous drive into the mountains of Tusheti, Georgia’s most remote region. The one narrow road, open only from June through October, provides unbeatable views and some spine-tingling curves. Bed down in Omalo, Tusheti’s largest village, and the following day visit idyllic Dartlo, a village of only a handful of families. While in the mountains, sample Tusheti’s singular culinary achievement, khinkali – juicy meat-and-spice dumplings – washed down with home-brewed beer at a local festival.


    • Crossing 9,500-foot Abano Pass on the winding Tusheti mountain road
    • A picnic amid spectacular mountain scenery
    • Indulging in khinkali dumplings and local beer
  • Days 9-10: Tbilisi

    Descend from the mountains and make the drive to hip, picturesque Tbilisi, Georgia’s capital and by far its largest city. Explore the narrow streets of the red-roofed Old Town, and then head to the art nouveau Sololaki District for lunch and a wine tasting. Visit the Georgian National Museum to examine some of the country’s most significant archaeological finds, including 1.8-million-year-old Homo erectus skulls.


    • The beautiful drive to Tbilisi through the Kakheti lowlands and the green Gombori Mountains
    • The elaborately carved balconies of Tbilisi’s Old Town
    • The National Museum’s extensive, eclectic collection
    • More exceptional food and wine
  • Days 11-13: Kutaisi, Mestia

    Head to Kutaisi, Georgia’s second-largest city (though just a tenth the size of Tbilisi), stopping along the way at the workshop of a ceramicist who makes qvevri, the 200- to 900-gallon earthenware vessels used for fermenting Georgian wines. Tour the city, best known as the site of Jason’s mythical quest for the Golden Fleece, and visit the UNESCO-listed 12th century Gelati Monastery. Then it’s back up into the mountains – this time in the region of Svaneti, which has earned a UNESCO World Heritage listing for its remarkably preserved medieval appearance and its massive watchtowers. As a result of their isolation, Svanetians are considered the “most Georgian of all Georgians.” Get a chance to meet some of them at lunch in a local home in the town of Mestia, and then visit its first-rate ethnographic museum.


    • The frescoes and mosaics of Gelati Monastery
    • A demonstration and explanation of how qvevri wine vessels are made
    • The steep, remote mountains of Svaneti, studded with medieval watchtowers
    • Lunch with locals in Mestia
    • The amazingly high-quality medieval icons and gold altar crosses of Mestia’s ethnographic museum
  • Days 14-16: Batumi, Akhaltsikhe, Vardzia

    Drive down from the mountains to the Black Sea for a stop in Batumi, an important port and resort city where 19th century oil barons’ homes contrast with a modernized waterfront. Back inland, cross the pastures of the Ajara region, stopping for lunch at a local farm, before reaching the 1,000-year-old town of Akhaltsikhe. It once sat at a junction of the old Silk Road and today features ruins of an ancient fortress and a renovated Old Town. Then explore Vardzia, a remarkable medieval city consisting entirely of caves built into a rock face.


    • The tropical-resort ambience of Batumi, where cafes spill out onto the broad, tree-lined streets
    • Akhaltsikhe’s medieval Christian, Jewish, and Islamic structures – a testament to the multicultural influences brought by the Silk Road
    • Exploring the network of hundreds of caves that makes up Vardzia
  • Days 17-21: Phoka, Gyumri (Armenia), Yerevan

    Pay a visit to the delightful Phoka Nunnery, where the nuns make cheese and chocolate by hand, before crossing into Armenia. From the city of Gyumri explore the mountainside Ashtarak region, visiting 13th century Saghmosavank Monastery and having a home-cooked Armenian meal in the beautiful wine cellar of a 170-year-old house.

    The tour’s final stop is the Armenian capital of Yerevan, a city older than Rome. Explore its mix of old and new: medieval shrines hidden behind imposing Soviet-style facades; the narrow lanes of the Old Town; Republic Square; the giant, modern Cascade stairway; and, above town, 167-foot-tall Mother Armenia statue, with a museum housed in its base. A day trip goes to the remote little monastery of Khor Virap, which has fantastic views of Mt. Ararat. Along the way, visit the workshops of a carpet weaver and a master craftsman of traditional reed instruments. A farewell dinner features Armenian food, folk music, and dance.


    • Handcrafted chocolates, cheeses, and beeswax candles made at Phoka Nunnery
    • 13th century Saghmosavank Monastery (Monastery of the Psalms), built of red and black stone
    • Experiencing Armenian cuisine and hospitality in a beautiful mountainside home
    • Yerevan’s Cascade, a massive, magisterial staircase in the center of the city, adorned with waterfalls and a world-class sculpture garden
    • The view of looming, snow-capped Mt. Ararat from Khor Virap monastery
    • A visit to the studio of Karen Hakobyan, one of the finest makers of the duduk, a traditional Armenian reed instrument

Dates & Prices

Small group tour – max 12 travelers

Land Tour Price, Per Person. Based on double occupancy and minimum group size of 5 travelers.

  • 2024 Dates
    July 21 - Aug 10
    Tour, double occupancy
    Single supplement
  • 2025 Dates
    July 20 - Aug 9
    Tour, double occupancy
    Single supplement

What's Included

  • Tour Includes
    • Accommodations, as noted in the itinerary.
    • Most meals, as noted in the itinerary: 20 breakfasts, 18 lunches and 19 dinners.
    • Restaurant tips for included meals.
    • Services of experienced, English-speaking local guides, drivers and other staff, including a MIR Tour Manager.
    • Arrival/departure airport transfers. MIR will arrange for all travelers to be met on arrival and seen off on departure whether we make your airfare arrangements or not, provided you arrive and depart on the tour start/end dates in the tour start/end cities.
    • Ground transportation throughout itinerary by private coach, minivan, or 4WD vehicle (vehicle type will depend on group size and terrain).
    • Guided sightseeing tours and entrance fees as outlined in itinerary.
    • Special events, excursions and cultural performances per the itinerary.
    • Bottled water at group meals.
    • Gratuities to local guides, drivers, porters and other service personnel.
    • Complete pre-departure electronic document that includes detailed packing suggestions, reading list links, country-specific information, maps, travel tips and more.
    • Assistance booking your custom flight arrangements (on request; please note that international airfare is not included in the land tour cost).
    • Customized visa application and instruction kit.
    • Electronic final update bulletin, with any late news, updates and important information.
  • Not Included
    • International airfare or taxes/fuel surcharges.
    • Meals not specified as included in the itinerary.
    • Single supplement charge, if requested or required.
    • Baggage handling.
    • Items of a personal nature (phone calls, email, laundry, alcohol, excess baggage, etc).
    • Gratuities to Tour Manager.
    • Visa/passport fees, airport departure fees.
    • Expenses incurred as a result of delay, modification or extension of a tour due to causes beyond MIR’s control.
    • Travel and trip cancellation insurance.

Activity Level

Level 4: Rigorous

This intentionally adventuresome (due to the nature of the destinations) small group tour features challenging overland travel including on steep, rough, single-lane mountainous roads using 4WD vehicles; and rustic accommodations, some without reliable constant electricity. There are also long days walking and standing while touring, foot traverses of two border points while carrying/rolling baggage, unpaved sidewalks and streets, uneven surfaces and steps, absent handrails, significant stair-climbing, and absence of elevators. Only those very fit to travel and who are willing to accept local standards of amenities and services and the physical challenges of the program should consider joining. Conditions are expected to be particularly challenging in the Tusheti region of Georgia. We strongly encourage you to talk with us about any questions you may have regarding the rigors of this trip or destination when considering this tour.

Travelers must be able to walk at least two miles a day, keeping up with fellow travelers on a variety of terrain including through villages, on dirt paths, and the like. Some drives in steep, mountainous conditions with poor-quality roads at elevation and without guardrails may last as long as 8-10 hours driving time (with comfort stops). Since electricity is not a reliable constant throughout the itinerary, if you rely on electricity for CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure), or for any other reason, you must have your own battery or other back-up, or please reconsider participation. 

Border crossings may require walking up to about a half-mile while managing baggage, and in some cases bags may need to be carried during these crossings rather than rolled, as the road/sidewalk surface is not always paved or smooth. Some attractions are only accessible via steep staircases with tall, uneven steps, and some of the sites may involve steep steps inside narrow passageways with limited light. Elevators are not available at touring sites, nor at a few of the hotels.

Other challenges include overall shortcomings in the tourism infrastructure of these developing destinations, including some that can cause walking challenges such as unpaved sidewalks, uneven surfaces and steps, packed-dirt streets, broken pavement (streets or sidewalks), and a general absence of handrails or ramps. 

Accommodations vary from four star properties in the capitals to relatively basic and simple hotels in the more remote areas. This program makes use of rustic hotels in the mountainous Svaneti region of Georgia. Past travelers have also encountered challenges with plumbing, bureaucratic service, variety of locally available foods, and availability and quality of public restrooms. 


Traveler Reviews

  • "Very interesting itinerary. Very well organized, exceptional tour manager."

    D. Hromadka

    Santa Baraba, CA

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